TIROS 1
- TIROS 1 TIROS 1
Object Name TIROS 1
Object Full Name -
Norad ID 29
Cospar ID 1960-002B
Object Type Satellite
Object Status Nonoperational
Object Class -
End of Life -

TIROS 1 (Television and InfraRed Observation Satellite), the first weather satellite, was designed to test the feasibility of obtaining and using TV cloudcover pictures from satellites. The spin-stabilized satellite was in the form of an 18-sided right prism, 107 cm across opposite corners and 56 cm high, with a reinforced baseplate carrying most of the subsystems, and a cover assembly (hat). Spacecraft power was supplied by approximately 9000 1- by 2-cm silicon solar cells mounted on the cover assembly and by 21 nickel-cadmium batteries. A single monopole antenna for reception of ground commands extended out from the top of the cover assembly. A pair of crossed-dipole telemetry antennas (235 MHz) projected down and diagonally out from the baseplate. Mounted around the edge of the baseplate were five diametrically opposed pairs of small, solid-fuel thrusters that maintained the satellite spin rate between 8 and 12 rpm. The satellite was equipped with two 1.27-cm-diameter vidicon TV cameras, one wide angle and one narrow angle, for taking earth cloudcover pictures. The pictures were transmitted directly to a ground receiving station or were stored in a tape recorder on board for later playback, depending on whether the satellite was within or beyond the communication range of the station. The satellite performed normally from launch until June 15, 1960, when an electrical power failure prevented further useful TV transmission.

Launch Date 1960-04-01
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Launch Site Air Force Eastern Test Range, Florida, USA
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Country of Operator United States
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Orbit Status Earth Orbit
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Period: 97.5 min
Inclination: 48.4°
Apogee: 657.0 km
Perigee: 624.0 km
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RCS 0.8030 m²
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